Homes in Portland, OR and Denver are also selling in a handful of days. These and several other record-breaking measures made April a historic month for housing.

The national median home-sale price hit a record high of $370,528 in April, up 22% from 2020, according to a new report from Redfin (, the technology-powered real estate brokerage. April was also a history-making month for housing by other measures, with the following metrics also hitting new records:

  • The number of homes for sale fell to a record low.
  • The typical home sold in just 19 days, a record low.
  • 49% of homes sold above their list price, a record high.
  • The average sale-to-list ratio, a measure of how close homes are selling to their asking prices, hit a record high of 101.6%.

Pandemic-driven lockdowns significantly slowed homebuying and selling in April 2020, which means the year-over-year trends for home prices, pending sales, closed sales and new listings are somewhat exaggerated. For more context, Redfin’s full report includes extra charts that zoom in on the last three years of home sales and new listings, without seasonal adjustments.

“To put the scarcity of housing into context, there is plenty of room for supply to increase and demand to taper off, and we would still find ourselves in a historically strong seller’s market,” said Redfin Chief Economist Daryl Fairweather. “While Americans brace themselves for a lot of changes as workplaces and schools reopen, the story of the housing market will largely remain the same. There simply aren’t enough homes for sale in America for everyone with the desire and the means to buy one right now. Until new construction takes off—over the course of years, not months—home prices will continue to increase. This housing boom is nowhere close to over.”

Indianapolis is home to the country’s fastest housing market. The typical home in the Indianapolis metro went under contract after just four days on the market in April, down from 10 days a year earlier. Homes in DenverOmaha, NEPortland, OR and Seattle also sold exceptionally fast in April, with half of all homes pending sale in just 5 days in each of those metros.

Three of the five most competitive markets of the month were in California. In Oakland, 81.5% of homes sold above list price, a higher share than any other metro. It’s followed by San Jose (78.2%), Tacoma, WA (73.7%), Austin (73.7%) and Sacramento (72.5%).

National Market Summary

April 2021



Median sale price




Homes sold




New listings




All Homes for sale, seasonally




Median days on market




Months of supply




Sold above list


6.9 pts

20.8 pts

Median Off-Market Redfin Estimate




Average Sale-to-list


1.0 pts

2.8 pts

Average 30-year fixed mortgage rate


-0.02 pts

-0.25 pts

† – “pts” = percentage-point change

Median sale prices increased from a year earlier in all of the 85 largest metro areas Redfin tracks. The smallest increase was in Honolulu, where prices were up just 0.2% from a year ago. The largest price increases were in Austin, TX (+42%), Oxnard, CA (+26%) and Miami, FL (+26%).

The number of homes sold in April was up 34% from a year earlier, but only 8% from the same time in 2019. Compared to April 2020, home sales rose in all but one of the 85 largest metro areas Redfin tracks. The only metro area that saw home sales decline was Rochester, NY (-3%). The largest gains in sales were in places that had the most abrupt slowdown of home sales in April 2020, including San Francisco (+184%), San Jose (+150%) and Miami, FL (+120%).

Active listings—the count of all homes that were for sale at any time during the month—fell 27% year over year to their lowest level on record. But the annual decline in the number of homes for sale slowed slightly from last month.

Only 12 of the 85 largest metros tracked by Redfin posted a year-over-year increase in the number of seasonally adjusted active listings of homes for sale: San Francisco (+54%), San Jose (+40%) and Oakland, CA (+27%) experienced the biggest gains.

The biggest year-over-year declines in active housing supply in April were in Salt Lake City (-70%), Baton Rouge, LA (-60%) and North Port, FL (-48%).

New listings of homes for sale were up 32% in April from a year earlier, but down 17% from the same time in 2019, offering little relief to homebuyers desperate for more choices.

The housing market was more competitive in April than any time since Redfin began tracking national housing data in 2012. The typical home that sold in April went under contract in 19 days—16 days fewer than a year earlier and the fastest pace on record.

In April, 49% of homes sold above list price, the largest share on record. If this measure follows the typical seasonal pattern, it will likely hit new record highs again in May and June.

The average sale-to-list price ratio continued to surge well past 100% in April, hitting a record high of 101.6%. This measure also typically peaks in June, so the next two months may also hit record highs if the market continues to follow a typical seasonal pattern into summer.

To read the full report, including charts and additional metro-level data highlights, please visit:

About Redfin
Redfin ( is a technology-powered real estate broker, instant home-buyer (iBuyer), lender, title insurer, and renovations company. We sell homes for more money and charge half the fee. We also run the country’s #1 real-estate brokerage site. Our home-buying customers see homes first with on-demand tours, and our lending and title services help them close quickly. Customers selling a home can take an instant cash offer from Redfin or have our renovations crew fix up their home to sell for top dollar. Since launching in 2006, we’ve saved customers nearly $1 billion in commissions. We serve more than 95 markets across the U.S. and Canada and employ over 4,100 people.

For more information or to contact a local Redfin real estate agent, visit To learn about housing market trends and download data, visit the Redfin Data Center. To be added to Redfin’s press release distribution list, email To view Redfin’s press center, click here.